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How Electrolysis Works and Why HHO Wont Save You Money on Gas

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Inside these bubbles is the highest energy density fuel in existence and when it burns the only emission is water and today i’m going to show you how to make it so making this fuel is as easy as it is dangerous i don’t recommend trying this at home i do recommend subscribing to my channel so i can do this kind of cool stuff for you but some of you may have already

Guessed this fuel is hydrogen hydrogen hydrogen hydrogen hydrogen it’s the simplest element around but could well be a game changer when it comes to turning around our dependence on fossil fuels hydrogen is a colorless odorless gas and is the first element in the periodic table and it really doesn’t take a lot of effort to produce it we’re going to start with

An ordinary glass filled with some distilled water now distilled water much like myself when i tried to stand in for john williams is not a very good conductor so we’re going to want to add an ionic compound such as baking soda to help the electricity flow through the water more efficiently and i’ll explain more about this later to separate water we’re going to

Need a power supply i use my neighbor’s car battery for this one and stainless steel works best for the anode and the cathode i borrowed a couple stainless steel spoons from my neighbor connected them to his battery and if you look closely as the spoons are submerged in the water something amazing is happening a fluria bubbles are cascading off the spoon towards

The surface and it almost looks like this water is boiling but there’s actually something much more cool happening the process of separating water like this is called electrolysis and electro is going to occur anytime we have current flowing through water that has an ionic compound dissolved in it water molecules are made up of hydrogen atoms and oxygen atoms and

Water molecules typically like to stay like this as it requires extra energy to break the covalent bonds and pull them apart into oxygen and hydrogen gas and we get the energy to break those bonds from the power supply we have connected to those two metal plates think of an electron bond kind of like different types of relationships waters like the old married

Couple that while having a decent ability to stay together they don’t really like change and typically they only end up separating if outside energy is applied like due to the nature of the type of bonds that water molecules have it also doesn’t allow current to pass through it very easily so a materials capability to carry current is typically based on the number

Of free electrons it has this is an example of some copper atoms passing current notice that the outermost electron is allowing current to pass by while the rest of the electrons have a stronger connection to the atomic nucleus this electron is referred to as the free electron and it’s why copper is a good conductor of electricity pure water has no free electrons

And like i mentioned it doesn’t carry current very well on its own because of this we need to add something that can carry the current but we also need to be careful what we dissolve in the water prior to separating it so most tap water contains chlorine so it’s not a very good idea to use it for electrolysis during the process it will be released as a gas in gas

Form it can cause symptoms such as blurry vision burning pain blisters fluid filling your lungs so about the same effect as two jewels and a can of coke a safer option commonly used as a conductive additive is baking soda or sodium bicarbonate which is made up of c for carbon over oxygen h for hydrogen and this bad boy right here with the initials n a plus it stands

For you guessed it a sodium ion if the conditions are right and current can flow these ions are interested in taking an electron but have trouble committing to hold on to them when the bit of pressure is there and we’ll pass them along at the first opportunity the rest of the baking soda molecule will also break down during the reaction the carbon will bond with

Some oxygen and form co2 hydrogen will split and build up on the negative terminal and when i was animating this i noticed it kind of looked like a duck so i just decided that i’m going to represent baking soda as a duck from now on so this is baking soda the conductive duck and when it comes to electrolysis with water he’s quite the homewrecker so when we add

Baking soda to the water current can now flow from the negative to the positive terminal since electrical current is the flow of electrons from an area of higher negative charge to an area of lower negative charge the electrons in the path of the current flow will be pulled down towards the positive lead and this breaks down the bond in the h2o with help from our

Friend mr soda hydrogen atoms will make their way to the negative lead where the electrons are being emitted from and here they will pick up an extra electron bond with another hydrogen and the oxygen will do the same dance on the positive terminal and once enough of these pairs have built up on the plates they form bubbles of gas and rise to the surface there is

Also heat generated during this process in fact almost 50 percent of the energy supplied from the battery is wasted as heat with the other 50 getting stored in the hydrogen and oxygen gas and if we want to release this energy we simply need to start the chain reaction but introducing a source of heat such as an open flame or jason momoa and the hydrogen breaks its

Bond and joins with the oxygen atom to once again form water the reaction will release electrons causing a rapid increase in molecular kinetic energy and form an expanding pocket of ionized air this is typically experienced as an explosion to make my bubbles i made this assembly here it’s a plastic jar with a scrubbing pad in the bottom and then another plastic

Jar inside of there with a bunch of little holes in it and another scrubbing pad inside of there the lid for both jars have been glued together of sealing both of them separate from each other then i inserted two copper tubes made a connection down to the scrubbing pads and sealed them off so no air could escape around the edge of the tube and i filled it with a

Water baking soda solution so you can see that the hydrogen gas generated stays on the inner container and the oxygen stays in the outer container and this makes it easy just to vent the oxygen and to capture the hydrogen in my little tube or i can stick it into the bubble solution and make my hydrogen bubbles now let’s talk about using an electrolysis device to

Help power a car’s engine there’s a lot of videos on youtube like this the way the system works which is the theory of how the system works i was very comfortable in trying the system generators i wanted three additional generators because i wanted more hydrogen in trying the system inside the cylinders where it will be burned i help you save on fuel and safe on

Emissions but despite popular opinion there’s negligible benefit to this if the power to separate the water into gas is sourced from the alternator any gains would eventually end up with a net loss much like my cryptocurrency investments honestly how a person drives a vehicle typically has more impact on the efficiency of an engine than any aftermarket modification

Will and if you really believe this will make a difference most the time people drive as if it was making a difference the reason it doesn’t work is because anytime we convert energy from one form to another we will experience losses we already know that we lose on average about 50 percent of our input electrical energy is heat when splitting water and the other

50 is converted into the chemical energy stored in the hydrogen and oxygen gas in the engine on a good day we’ll lose a whopping 80 percent of our input energy as heat when converting the chemical energy into kinetic energy then we’ll lose another 50 of that energy converting the kinetic energy back into electrical energy so even with gains in engine output it won’t

Offset the amount we lose due to the amount of energy we just radiated away into the atmosphere so that was your crash course on how electrolysis works please like and subscribe if you guys haven’t already and let me know down in the comments if you disagree with any of the information i said i’m thinking that there’s going to be a few of you that don’t agree with

Everything i said about running your car on hydrogen oxygen gas and maybe i’ll do another full length video designated to just that topic in the future so as always take care of yourselves stay creative and i’ll see you next time

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How Electrolysis Works and Why HHO Won't Save You Money on Gas By Novus